The Top 10 Dominican Republic Flowers Found in the Wild


The Dominican Republic flowers are something special. From the easily found cayena to the endangered Bayahibe rose, they are known for their beauty and capacity to transform a dull garden into a major work of art. But they aren't only used to enhance the appearance of something that already looks good. These flowers can also disguise the uninviting elements of any structure, making it look better in the eyes of anyone who come across it.

Now, the terrain in the DR lends itself to the growth and development of all kinds of flowers. A few of them are endemic to the country and are hard to find anywhere else. Still, most originated in places like India and countries from Central and South America that have a similar tropical climate.

The flowers can be seen in public parks, next to buildings, and as part of ornaments used by homeowners to adorn their houses. Most shops sell them at reasonable prices, and if you are lucky, you might find seeds of rare varieties to make your garden truly unique. If you are curious about these plants and how they beautify the country, keep going, and soon enough, you will want to take them home.

10 Lovely Flowers You can See in the Dominican Republic

1. Coralillo

At first glance, you may think the coralillo is native to the DR, but the truth is that it originated in India. Belonging to the genus Ixora and the Rubiaceae family, the coralillo flower has managed to make the Dominican Republic its home. This is not surprising considering the fact that the plant thrives in humid environments like the tropics.

Ixora coccinea (red coralillo)

The little flower grows in groups and has four small petals resembling a cross. Well-known varieties (reference) of this flower have different colors : Ixora coccinea (red), Ixora javanica (orange), Ixora thwaitessii (white), and Ixora lutea (yellow). The one easily found in most parks and gardens of the Dominican Republic is Ixora coccinea.


2. Lantana

One often overlooked but dazzling flower nonetheless is the Lanta camara. Commonly referred to as lantana, the plant grows effortlessly in the tropics and may reach a height of two meters. It thrives in the hot sun of the tropics and can be found in a wide array of colors according to the variety. The different pigments present in the lantana is one of its most enticing features.

Yellow lantana

While young lantanas are mostly yellow, they usually turn red as they age. In addition to the charming appearance, the flowers have a powerful fragrance. Its popularity in the market makes the flower one of the favorites to be present in any garden. It's native (data) from South America; however, it has adapted well to the Dominican Republic.


3. Cayena

The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is quite popular in tropical countries like the Dominican Republic. It comes from a bush that may grow up to 5 meters. Its large faint red-colored petals often 10 centimeters long, are among the flower's most attractive characteristics. Although white, yellow, and orange varieties are easily found, red is the most popular.

Red hibiscus

You might think that its vibrant colors (use) are the only reason motivating people to make the flower part of their garden, but that's not all. It is also known for its medicinal properties.


4. Morivivi

In the binomial nomenclature, Mimosa pudica is the name of the plant also known as morivivi. It is called that way due to its ability to fold the leaves inward simulating a dying plant whenever it gets touched. The mechanism is used to protect itself from predators and to save water during the high temperatures of the day.

Morivivi

The term morivivi could be loosely translated to die and revive. Morivivi is native to the tropics, so the Dominican Republic offers the ideal environment for it to grow and develop. The plants' flowers are rather small, looking like little pink hair balls. If you want to give your garden an unique, exotic look, they are a must.


5. Bayahíbe Rose (Pereskia quisqueyana)

Near the southeast corner of the Dominican Republic, in the fishing town of Bayahíbe, you can find the fabled Bayahíbe Rose (news). What is so special about it? For starters, it is known as the Dominican Republic's national flower and is very hard to find elsewhere. The Pereskia Quisqueyana, which is the scientific name of the plant, is one of the rare cactus species with leaves, and it can grow up to six meters. The light-shaded pink flower's natural habitat is the tropical dry forests in the southeast part of the country. If you are vacationing in Punta Cana, don't think it twice; pay a visit to Bayahíbe and check out this one of a kind flower.


In the following video, you can be a witness to the real beauty of the Bayahíbe Rose:




6. Trinitaria

Another of the Dominican Republic flowers is the trinitaria. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd, which is the name of this plant, depicts magnificent petals that can be seen from afar making it an ideal choice to populate any garden.

Trinitaria (pink)

Native to South America they adapt easily to a variety of climates. The color of the flower may vary between white, yellow, pink, red, blue or purple.


7. Duranta

Native from North, Central, and South America, the Duranta repens is known for its deep blue, purple or white appearance. This small flower grows in clusters and is a fascinating addition to any garden.

Duranta flowers

They thrive in the sun but don't respond well to cold climates. In the Dominican Republic, this flower is often found in parks and terraces. Their colorful petals are so fascinating that bystanders won't be able to resist the urge to stare at them for more than a few minutes.


8. Saman

Even from a long distance, anyone can appreciate the majesty of the Samanea saman. The tree that may grow up to 20 meters is native to Central and South America, and like most plants, it spread all the way to the Dominican Republic. But there is more to the tree than meets the eye.

Samanea saman - pink flower

If you get close to it, you can see a white flower with cute little pink edges, which is known as the Saman flower. It may not be something you can plant in your garden (unless you have a huge yard), but is definitely worth watching. Dominicans are quite fond of this flower.


9. Caoba flower

The Caoba, Swietenia mahogany, which is currently the Dominican Republic national tree, has been used for its highly durable wood since Christopher Columbus arrived at the new world.

The humid forests of the Caribbean and Central America are its natural habitat, but you might find surprising that it used to be the Dominican Republic's national flower until, in 2011, the flashier and more graceful Bayahíbe Rose took its place. With faint green, yellow and white colors, the small Caoba flower still has a place in the hearts of all Dominicans (article).


10. Jazmin Azul

The Plumbago auriculata is another mesmerizing plant that is part of the Dominican Republic's flora.

It is also known as Isabel Segunda, jazmin azul or celestina, and is native to South Africa. Like most plants that have spread to the DR, it thrives and blooms in the tropical climate. With five sky blue petals and a presence that overshadow your average flower, it isn't a coincidence that it has a royal name.

Jazmin azul

The jazmin azul may grow up both as a climbing vine or a bush (facts). By growing in clusters and exhibiting its beauty almost all year long (except during winter), the rather small flower is ideal for adorning any garden and hiding unsightly spots that may displease visitors.








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