The Dominican Republic flowers are something special. From the easily found cayena to the endangered Bayahibe rose, they are known for their beauty and capacity to transform a dull garden into a major work of art. But they aren't only used to enhance the appearance of something that already looks good. These flowers can also disguise the uninviting elements of any structure, making it look better in the eyes of anyone who come across it.
Now, the terrain in the DR lends itself to the growth and development of all kinds of flowers. A few of them are endemic to the country and are hard to find anywhere else. Still, most originated in places like India and countries from Central and South America that have a similar tropical climate.
You can see the flowers in public parks, next to buildings,
and as part of ornaments used by homeowners to adorn their houses. Most
shops sell them at reasonable prices, and if you are lucky, you might
find seeds of rare varieties to make your garden truly unique. If you
are curious about these plants and how they beautify the country, keep
going, and soon enough, you will want to take them home.
At first glance, you may think the coralillo is native to the
DR, but the truth is that it originated in India. Belonging to the genus
Ixora and the Rubiaceae family,
the coralillo flower has managed to make the Dominican Republic its
home. This is not surprising considering the fact that the plant
thrives in humid environments like the tropics.
The little flower grows in groups and has four small petals
resembling a cross. Well-known varieties (reference) of this flower have different
colors : Ixora coccinea (red), Ixora
javanica (orange), Ixora thwaitessii
(white), and Ixora lutea (yellow). The one easily
found in most parks and gardens of the Dominican Republic is Ixora
One often overlooked but dazzling flower nonetheless is the Lanta
camara. Commonly referred to as
lantana, the plant grows effortlessly in the tropics and may reach a
height of two meters. It thrives in the hot sun of the tropics and can
be found in a wide array of colors according to the variety. The
different pigments present in the lantana is one of its most enticing
While young lantanas are mostly yellow, they usually turn red
as they age. In addition to the charming appearance, the flowers have a
powerful fragrance. Its popularity in the market makes the flower one
of the favorites to be present in any garden. It's native (data) from South
America; however, it has adapted well to the Dominican Republic.
The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is quite
popular in tropical countries like the Dominican Republic. It comes from a bush
that may grow up to 5 meters. Its large faint red-colored petals often
10 centimeters long, are among the flower's most attractive
characteristics. Although white, yellow, and orange varieties are
easily found, red is the most popular.
might think that its vibrant colors (use) are the only reason motivating
people to make the flower part of their garden, but that's not all. It
is also known for its medicinal properties.
In the binomial nomenclature, Mimosa pudica
is the name of the plant also known as morivivi. It is called that way
due to its ability to fold the leaves inward simulating a dying plant
whenever it gets touched. The mechanism is used to protect itself from
predators and to save water during the high temperatures of the day.
The term morivivi could be loosely translated to die and
revive. Morivivi is native to the tropics, so the Dominican Republic
offers the ideal environment for it to grow and develop. The plants'
flowers are rather small, looking like little pink hair balls. If you
want to give your garden an unique, exotic look, they are a must.
Near the southeast corner of the Dominican Republic, in the
fishing town of Bayahíbe, you can find the fabled Bayahíbe
Rose (news). What is so special about
it? For starters, it is known as the Dominican Republic's national
flower and is very hard to find elsewhere. The Pereskia
Quisqueyana, which is the scientific name of the plant, is
one of the rare cactus species with leaves, and it can grow up to six
meters. The light-shaded pink flower's natural habitat is the tropical
dry forests in the southeast part of the country. If you are
vacationing in Punta Cana, don't think it twice; pay a visit to
Bayahíbe and check out this one of a kind flower.
Another of the Dominican Republic flowers is the
trinitaria. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd, which
is the name of this plant, depicts magnificent petals that can be seen
from afar making it an ideal choice to populate any garden.
South America they adapt easily to a variety of climates. The color of
the flower may vary between white, yellow, pink, red, blue or purple.
Native from North, Central, and South America, the Duranta
repens is known for its deep blue, purple or white
appearance. This small flower grows in clusters and is a fascinating
addition to any garden.
They thrive in the sun but don't respond well to
cold climates. In the Dominican Republic, this flower is often found in
parks and terraces. Their colorful petals are so fascinating that
bystanders won't be able to resist the urge to stare at them for more
than a few minutes.
Even from a long distance, anyone can appreciate
the majesty of the Samanea saman. The tree that may
grow up to 20 meters is native to Central and South America, and like
most plants, it spread all the way to the Dominican Republic. But there
is more to the tree than meets the eye.
If you get close to it, you can
see a white flower with cute little pink edges, which is known as the
Saman flower. It may not be something you can plant in your garden
(unless you have a huge yard), but is definitely worth watching.
Dominicans are quite fond of this flower.
The Caoba, Swietenia mahogany, which is currently the Dominican Republic national tree, has been used for its highly durable wood since Christopher Columbus arrived at the new world.
The humid forests of the Caribbean and Central America are its
natural habitat, but you might find surprising that it used to be the
Dominican Republic's national flower until, in 2011, the flashier and
more graceful Bayahíbe Rose took its place. With faint green, yellow
and white colors, the small Caoba flower still has a place in the
hearts of all Dominicans (article).
The Plumbago auriculata is another mesmerizing plant that is part of the Dominican Republic's flora.
It is also known as Isabel
Segunda, jazmin azul or celestina, and is native to South Africa. Like
most plants that have spread to the DR, it thrives and blooms in the
tropical climate. With five sky blue petals and a presence that
overshadow your average flower, it isn't a coincidence that it has a
The jazmin azul may grow up both as a climbing vine or a bush (facts). By growing in clusters and exhibiting its beauty almost all year long (except during winter), the rather small flower is ideal for adorning any garden and hiding unsightly spots that may displease visitors.
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